• Project pillars

The SURE project is structured into the below three pillars:

Pillar 1: Filling in the knowledge gap

An inventory of the available data related to return flows and returnees will be compiled for the target countries. Highlights of contrasts and similarities as to how return and reintegration have been managed by public policies in the four target countries will be carried out. Collected data pertaining to return flows in the target countries will be used to trace the regional distribution of returnees.

Consultations with stakeholders will be held to assess their priorities with regards to returnees’ reintegration challenges. These consultations are paramount to properly understanding the contingencies of the public and private parties involved. Consultations will be conducted with academia and experts, government representatives, business communities,
Trade unions, NGOs, and return migrants themselves.

Pillar 2: Building and reinforcing the institutional capacities

Capacity building through an array of training courses at sub-regional and national levels, will be offered to migration and development stakeholders from the target countries and the EU Member States (when relevant) in order to tackle various issues pertaining to returnees’ reintegration. The capacity building activities will gather participants from North African countries but also from selected European countries. The training activities will offer a unique opportunity to share experience and knowledge.

The training activities will tackle among the following topics:

  Measuring return flows and stocks
  Heterogeneity of returnees’ profiles and patterns of reintegration
  Factors shaping returnees’ patterns of reintegration back home. Why do some returnees contribute to development whereas others do not?
  Returnees’ investment and skills portability in the labour;
  Social protection mechanisms to cover returnees and their families
  Empowering returnees and access to services at local level;
  The link between integration in host countries and reintegration in home countries
  Impact of vocational training on the returnees’ propensity to reintegrate professionally back home
  Entrepreneurship of returnees and impact on development;
  Coordination and coherence among public institutions (local and national) in the development of a reintegration policy

This component will be developed following the conclusion of the training needs assessment conducted under Pillar 1.
The result of the research studies also conducted within Pillar 1 will be used to develop training materials.

Six four-day national training courses (three in each target country) will be delivered to key stakeholders; One three-day regional training course will be delivered to representatives of governments and the social partners as well as EU member states.

Pillar 3: Fostering a constructive interregional dialogue on reintegration and development for policy orientation

Fostering interregional dialogue on reintegration through the organisation of one high-level policy conferences.

The objectives of the policy conference will be to:

identify and compare the various contingencies faced by returnees’ patterns of reintegration and propose solutions;
interact with policy-makers;
delineating the contours of a realistic action framework aimed at strengthening a durable forum of discussion and institutional exchanges between the EU and North African countries on return migration and reintegration;
encouraging and facilitating a South-South dialogue with countries from other regions which adopted a genuine reintegration policy (such as the Philippines and Sri Lanka).

The policy conference will be aim to define ad hoc policy recommendations for fostering the reintegration of returnees and their contribution to the development of their country of origin.